Pongal event which is the initial celebration of the creation off every novel year in the Indian position of Tamil Nadu. Since the dates for Pongal festival which are designed by the solar. Calander, the date of January 13-16 never alter. When the produce is over, the people of Tamil Nadu. While the date designed for appreciation to the god, the mud and their sheep. For four days, they rejoice with abandon and love with attachment. Every day of this occasion festival has a creature still, it is the famous more impressively in the village, While the capital folk typically celebrated on the moment date single.
The first day – Bhogi
On Pongal first day its celebrated as the Bhogi Pongal and is usually meant. For domestic activities and of the being together with the family members. On the first day it is celebrated in the honour of lord Indra, the supreme ruler of clouds that give rains. Another ritual which is observed on this day is Bhogi Mantalu, when useless household articles are thrown in to a fire made of wood and cow-dung cakes. Girls dances which was around the bonfire, and singing the songs in praise of the gods, the spring and the harvest.
The second day – Pongal
On the second day of Pongal there is harvest celebration which is called as “Pongal’, in tamionadu, which is the very famous and important day of the entire festival, where prayers which is offered the sun. On this day, the sun is given great importance. In the morning of this day, the family will gather some place their houses and Cook ‘pongal’ in the clay pots.
The second day of harvest festival is known as ‘Pongal’, in tamionadu, the most important day of the entire festival, where prayers are offered to the Sun. On this day, the Sun is given great importance. On the morning of this day, the family will gather outside their houses and cook ‘pongal’ in clay pots.
The third day – Maatu Pongal
The third day which is called the Mattu Pongal, the day of Pongal for cow. There is a cow for the village people for using the milk and the bull which are draws the plough which in the fields are very valuable and therefore the farmers honour their dumb friends by celebrating it as the day of thanks-giving to them. The cattle are washed, their horns are painted and covered with shining metal caps.
Significance: The literal meaning of ‘Pongal’ gives ‘boiling’ and therefore, this festival pertains to the warmth of the sun that ascends to boiling level while the sun moves northward towards the equinox. This festival is correlated with another winter harvest festival celebrated with pomp and show called ‘Makar Sankranthi’ in all over India. During this span, the sun spins & enters into the 10th house of the Indian Zodiac (Makar Sankranthi) while heading to the north (Uttarayana) from the southernmost level.
Rituals: This festival is celebrated specially for thanking the Sun god in return of blessing rich harvest. People offer the very first share of grain to the Sun and thus, this practice is regarded as ‘Surya Mangalyam’.
The dish ‘Pongal’ (sweet dish), made up of cardamom, raisins, moong dal & cashew nuts prepared in Kollam, is served to god Sun and then, is consumed by all. It is cooked during day in courtyard since it is to be dedicated to the Sun god.
People adorn their houses with the leaves of banana and mango and the floor sparkles with the magnificent patterns drafted and coloured using rice flour.