The Purans which had developed many stories in that Maha Shivaratri also has its own image one, during the samundra manthan, a pot of poison which is merged from the ocean. This terrified the gods and demons which have been capable of destroying the entire world, and they ran to Lord Shiva for help. To developed the world from its evil effects, Lord Shiva for help. To protect the world from its evil effects, Lord Shiva had drunk this poision it in his throat. Because of it, he was given the fast neelkantha. In Maha Shivratri festival we worshipped of lord “Shiva” or “Nilkantha”.
Ritual & Celebrations
The songs which has been sung by the great enjoyment during the nights of Mahashivrathri. People are saying the Mantra of Om Namah Shivaya on the eve of mahashivratri festivals. It is the believed that one who utters the name of Shivaya on the eve of mahashivratri. People repeat the Panchakshara Mantra, Om Namah Shivaya. In the night people were making the ascetics which 9is very famous for this days. This ascetics were making with the help of almonds and milk, which is essentially drunk which is very popular. People are enjoying by taking this drink because this is the Prasad of Maha Shivratri festival which is very popular with ascetics.
How to Celebrate
The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael leaves to lord Siva, all-day fasting and an all-night-long vigil. People in India generally observe fast on this day. The devotees chant ‘Om Namah Shivay’ mantra & penances are performed in order to gain boons in the practice of Yoga and meditation. The planetary position on this day, act as potent catalysts to upgrade spiritual energies of the devotee. It proves highly beneficial to chant Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra on this night.
Wearing a rosary made from Rudraksha and applying turmeric vermilion or holy ash on forehead symbolizes a holy ritual on this religious festival. Holy Mantras are also recited and special puja ceremonies are held throughout the night to celebrate Shivratri. Mahashivratri is not only one of the magnificent festivals in India but also in Nepal and other regions where Lord Shiva is worshipped. Many Sadhus on Maha Shivratri visit shrines and offer marijuana (Bhang) to worshipers to spread the significance of the festival.
Mahshivaratri Vrat (Fast)
(for the eradication of sins and getting blessings of Lord Shiva)
Kashmiri Pandits celebrate Mahashivaratri continuously for 16 days. The auspicious ceremony of the marriage of Lord Shiva and Parvati is celebrated for 4 days. This fast is matchless in its power of eradicating all types of sins. This fast was observed by Lord Rama, Ravana, Sita, Parvati and also Laxmi. The sprinkling ceremony of Parad Shivlinga on this day yields unlimited auspicious results. Taking bath in Ganges on this day is considered very auspicious. Bilwapatras should be offered to Lord Shiva. Eating Jujube (Ber) on this day is also considered equally auspicious.
Method of Observing Mahshivaratri Vrat
This fast is observed on the Krishna Chaturdashi of the month of Phalgun. Actually the night of Trayodashi Tithi is Mhashivaratri. On Trayodashi one should have food only once and on Chaturdashi one should not have food. After having your bath on the day of Chaturdashi one should perform Shodashopchar Puja of Lord Ganesha, Parvati and Nandi. Offering of mangoes to Lord Shiva along with Dhatura flowers, Bilwapatras, Durva, Kaner, Maulsiri and basil leaves is auspicious. Whatever is offered on Shivlinga should not be accepted back in the form of oblation. An idol of Shaligram should be placed near the idol of Lord Shiva. After the completion of Puja food and gifts should be offered to Brahmins. One should chant Bhajans in the night. Different types of Abhishekas can be preformed for sorting out different types of problems.